The human body is made up of so many different muscles, tendons, chemicals, tissues and hormones—each with their own unique purpose and design. However, in the female body, one of the most prominent components in their system is a hormone known as estrogen. It is responsible for so many things throughout the entire system. However, as women age, especially after their reproductive years, they often struggle to maintain the right estrogen balance.

Today, women are living longer than ever, often almost 40 years past their reproductive years. Yet, living longer has put women at risk for illnesses such as heart disease and osteoporosis. Half of American women are at risk of a fracture from osteoporosis, and one in three develop heart disease—the most common cause of death in women across the globe. Unfortunately, a decline in estrogen levels are risk factors for both conditions.


Estrogen decline is such a serious issue because estrogen is the most powerful hormone in a woman’s body. This hormone has over 400 different functions, including:

  • Increasing metabolic rate
  • Decreasing blood pressure and plaque accumulation in the arteries
  • Regulating body temperature
  • Decreasing risk of cataracts, colon cancer, glaucoma and tooth loss
  • Helping maintain bone density
  • Enhancing magnesium uptake and utilization
  • Protecting against macular degeneration
  • Estrogen also decreases wrinkles, improves sleep, boosts your mood, helps with concentration, boosts your energy and helps you maintain your memory—just to name a few benefits.

In short, your body needs estrogen to function and maintaining the right amount of estrogen can only help you stay healthier


The term “estrogen” actually refers to a group of related hormones, each with a unique profile of activity and purpose. Under normal circumstances, a woman’s circulating estrogen levels will fluctuate based on her menstrual cycle.

However, this isn’t always the case, especially after menopause. These are the three main estrogens female humans produce and their function in the body.

Estrone- E1: This makes up between 10-20% of the body’s circulating estrogens. It is also the primary type of estrogen produced after menopause.

Estradiol- E2: This makes up between 10-30% of the body’s circulating estrogens. It is the most potent product in the ovary and is very secretory. It is also the predominant estrogen produced before menopause and the major form of estrogen in pre-menopausal women.

Estriol- E3: This makes up between 60-80% of circulating estrogen. This dominant estrogen is not only protective against breast cancer, but it can help in the treatment of different menopausal symptoms. Clinical studies have found this estrogen can help with painful intercourse, vaginal atrophy, dryness and vaginal infractions.

The good news is, with Hormone Replacement Therapy, estrogen is prescribed in combination to re-establish a normal physiologic balance.


Women who take natural bio-identical hormones often find they can regain some of the many perks of proper estrogen levels—without any side effects. When taking these types of hormones, many women experience a boost in energy levels, mood and libido. They often also experience between sleep patterns.

According to the Journal of American Medical Association, most-menopausal women who take estrogen replacement therapy, also known as ERT, also experience increased brain function and better memory retrieval.

There are so many ways that taking estrogen hormones can not only reverse some of the signs of post-menopausal aging but actually help improve overall health and function, especially during such a critical time in a woman’s life.


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